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Updated Kamsarmax Blog
The Main Purpose and Function of Seagoing Bulk Carriers

Numerous risks were encountered during the operation of bulk ships that sailed from sea. The most important shipboard issues need the use of a careful plan and care. This website provides information to the shipping community on how to load and unload bulk cargo. But it is important to not go beyond the limits stipulated by the classification society. It is important to minimize the risk of stressing the vessel's structure and follow all safety guidelines to ensure the safety of sea travel. Our detail pages cover a variety of bulk carrier related topics that might be useful for those working onboard and those working on shore at the terminal.

General characteristics of seagoing bulk carriers
Bulk carriers are single deck vessels constructed with top-side tanks as well as side tanks for hoppers within cargo areas and are designed principally to transport one-commodity bulk cargo. Solid bulk cargo means any material, other than liquid or gas composed of granules, particles, or any other large piece of material, generally homogenous in composition. It is directly loaded into the cargo areas of ships without any immediate form of containment. Dry cargo comprises sugar, bulk grains, and even ore. Bulk carrier, as it is understood in its broadest meaning can refer to any vessel specifically designed to transport bulk cargo including liquid cargo, or solid cargo. Tankers are also included. The term is used primarily for ships that transport bulk goods that are solid. This could include grains and other agricultural commodities. Peruse this dry bulk carrier specialist for more.

[Image: dry-cargo-f1-768x432.jpg]

What Is A Bulk Transport?

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

Carrying weights range from 3,000 tonnes to 300,000.
Average speed of 12-15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers of medium to small size bulk (carrying capacity between 40 to 60,000 tonnes) typically have equipment for handling cargo. However larger vessels can make use of facilities on shore to load or unload.
-The cargo holds are usually large, without any obstructions, and have large hatch sizes that allow for the easy loading and unloading of cargoes
The bulk carriers typically have one cargo hold dedicated as an ballast hold. This is used for ballast voyages in order to improve stability. To partially ballast the voyage, two or three additional holds might be allowed, however they are only permitted in port
-They have single pull, hydraulic or stacking (piggy- back) hatch covers made of steel.
-Quatre types de ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Bottom side of wings that are sloping
Double bottom tanks
Peak and post peak ballast water tanks

What is bulk cargo that is solid? Any other than gas or liquid material made up of a mixture of particles and granules. It is able to be loaded directly into cargo areas without any intermediary containment. Cargoes transported by bulk carriers include "clean" food items as well as "dirty" minerals. They may react to each other as well as with water sources that are contaminant, such as. Therefore, it is crucial to clean the cargo areas to accommodate the particular product. The cargo area must be cleaned in a manner that allows loading. Surveyors often have to check the space to ensure it is safe for loading. To prevent contamination, it's essential to eliminate any residues left by prior cargo. The damage to bulk cargoes is mostly caused by water. Therefore it is not enough that the hold be dry in order to receive cargo but hatch covers must be watertight or, if necessary sealed to prevent the entry of water. All fittings (ladders or pipe guards as well bilge covers) within the hold must be examined. You must inspect each fitting in the hold (ladders,pipe guards,bilge covers...) to ensure that they're in good functioning order. This equipment may cause serious damage and delays to conveyor belt systems. Unintentionally discharged cargo will result in the ship being held responsible. Check out this capesize bulk carrier info for more.

[Image: WAKASHIO-nagashiki-shipping-780x470.jpg]

Bulk Carrier, Bulker? It is built for transporting dry cargo. Traditional bulk carriers are built using a single-deck, single skin, double bottom and the hopper side tank. Topside tanks that are located in cargo areas are also included. Bulk carriers are built to carry bulk goods of any size and weight, whether light or heavy and can carry a maximum weight of 450 lbs. It isn't as easy or as simple as you think.

Carrier for bulk material without equipment
A lot of bulk cargoes possess dangerous characteristics, or may alter their properties during transit. Unintentional loading can cause damage to a vessel. Improper loading could result in the ship breaking when you load a forward hold at its maximum. This is called stress? could cause life-threatening consequences when the weather is rough at sea. Last cargoes could be adversely affected by residues from previous cargoes. Certain bulk cargoes could be affected by water damage. cement power. It can be challenging to determine the true amount of weight and volume of cargo being loaded and not loaded. All of these factors have serious consequences for safe bulk cargo transport. Discharging bulk cargo using? bulk cargoes naturally form the shape of a circle when they are loaded onto conveyor belts. The angle that this cone develops is known as the angle or repose'. It varies for every cargo. Cargoes made of iron ore, for example, will create an cone with an angle. Cargoes that are free to flow freely will create the cone with a narrow angle. The cargo with low angles to repose is more susceptible to shifting throughout the passage. Certain cargoes require bulldozers to spread the load into the storage areas. Dry-bulk carriers rely on dock facilities to load and discharge cargo, but bulk carriers can also self-unload by using conveyors or cranes on deck.
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Updated Kamsarmax Blog - by FrankJScott - 11-24-2021, 07:13 PM
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